Phytochemicals, also referred to as phytonutrients, are plant-based foods, which contain significant amounts of bioactive nutrients that provide desirable health benefits beyond basic nutrition, to reduce the risk of chronic disease through a broad spectrum of mechanisms.
Evidence suggests that consuming foods rich in phytochemicals may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease - the meta-analysis in some studies is as much as 17% reduction in risk to cardiovascular disease.
Phytochemicals reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity for diabetics, which can in turn directly prevent weight gain, the most important risk factor in Diabetes.
Plant based nutrients may also provide protection against neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. The consumption of phytonutrient dense foods and supplements may hold the potential to prevent, limit or reverse normal or abnormal deterioration in cognitive function in the ageing process which is associated with the aforementioned conditions.